Literature

Some references relevant to the WAsP models and the wind atlas methodology are listed below.

Books

Troen, I. and E.L. Petersen (1989). European Wind Atlas. Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde. ISBN 87-550-1482-8. 656 pp.

Mortensen, N.G., U. Said Said, H.P. Frank, L. Georgy, C.B. Hasager, M. Akmal, J.C. Hansen and A.Salam (2003). Wind Atlas for the Gulf of Suez. Measurements and Modelling 1991-2001. New and Renewable Energy Authority, Cairo, and Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde. ISBN 87-550-3195-1. 196 pp.

Mortensen, N.G., J.C. Hansen, J. Badger, B.H. Jørgensen, C.B. Hasager, L. Georgy Youssef, U. Said Said, A. Abd El-Salam Moussa, M. Akmal Mahmoud, A. El Sayed Yousef, A. Mahmoud Awad, M. Abd-El Raheem Ahmed, M. A.M. Sayed, M. Hussein Korany, M. Abd-El Baky Tarad (2005). Wind Atlas for Egypt, Measurements and Modelling 1991-2005. New and Renewable Energy Authority, Egyptian Meteorological Authority and Risø National Laboratory. ISBN 87-550-3493-4. 258 pp.

J. Mann, L. Kristensen and N.O. Jensen: “Uncertainties of extreme winds, spectra, and coherences”; in: “Bridge Aerodynamics” edited by A. Larsen and S. Esdahl; A.A.Balkema/Rotterdam/Brookfield/1998, 49-56; eq.(6) and (7). UncExtrWinds-Mann1998-B.pdf.

Journal papers

Beyer, H.G., T. Pahlke, W. Schmidt, H.-P. Waldl and U. de Witt (1994). Wake effects in a linear wind farm. J. Wind Eng. Ind. Aerodyn. 51, 303-318.

Dellwik, E. L. Landberg and N.O. Jensen (2005). WAsP in the forest. Wind Energy 9 , 211-218.

Jackson, P.S. and J.C.R. Hunt (1975). Turbulent wind flow over a low hill. Quart. J. Roy. Met. Soc. 101, 929-955.

Landberg, L. (2000). The mast on the house. Wind Energy 3, 113-119.

Petersen, E.L., N.G. Mortensen, L. Landberg, J. Højstrup and H.P. Frank (1998). Wind Power Meteorology. Part I: Climate and turbulence. Wind Energy 1, 2-22.

Petersen, E.L., N.G. Mortensen, L. Landberg, J. Højstrup and H.P. Frank (1998). Wind Power Meteorology. Part II: Siting and Models. Wind Energy 1, 55-72.

Reutter, K., R.G.J. Flay and E.M. McIntosh (2005). An Application of the WAsP Program in Complex, Forested Terrain as Part of a Wind Farm Feasibility Study. Wind Engineering 29(6), 491-502.

Walmsley, J.L., I. Troen, D.P. Lalas and P.J. Mason (1990). Surface-layer flow in complex terrain: Comparison of models and full-scale observations. Boundary-Layer Meteorol. 52, 259-281.

Conference proceedings

Bowen, A.J. and N.G. Mortensen (1996). Exploring the limits of WAsP: the Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program. Proceedings of the 1996 European Union Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Göteborg, Sweden, May 20-24, 584-587.

Dellwik, E., L. Landberg and N.O. Jensen (2004). WAsP in the forest. In: Scientific proceedings. 2004 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, London (GB), 22-25 Nov 2004. (European Wind Energy Association, London, 2004) p. 63-66.

Giebel, G. and S.-E. Gryning (2004). Shear and stability in high met masts, and how WAsP treats it. EWEA special topic conference "The science of making torque from wind", Delft (NL), 19-21 April 2004.

Katic, I, Højstrup J. and Jensen, N.O. A Simple Model for Cluster Efficiency. Proceedings of the 1986 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Rome, Italy, October 7-9, paper C6.

Mortensen, N.G. and E.L. Petersen (1998). Influence of topographical input data on the accuracy of wind flow modeling in complex terrain. Proceedings of the 1997 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Dublin, Ireland, October 6-9, 317-320.

Mortensen, N.G., A.J. Bowen and I. Antoniou (2006). Improving WAsP predictions in (too) complex terrain. Proceedings of the 2006 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Athens, Greece, February 27 to March 2.

Mortensen, N.G., J.C. Hansen, J. Badger, B.H. Jørgensen, C.B. Hasager, U.S. Paulsen, O.F. Hansen, K. Enevoldsen, L. Georgy Youssef, U. Said Said, A. Abd El-Salam Moussa, M. Akmal Mahmoud, A. El Sayed Yousef, A. Mahmoud Awad, M. Abd-El Raheem Ahmed, M. A.M. Sayed, M. Hussein Korany, M. Abd-El Baky Tarad (2006). Wind Atlas for Egypt: Measurements, micro- and mesoscale modelling. Proceedings of the 2006 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Athens, Greece, February 27 to March 2.

Mortensen, N.G., O. Rathmann, A. Tindal and L. Landberg (2008). Field validation of the DRIX performance indicator for flow in complex terrain. Proceedings of the 2008 European Wind Energy Conference and Exhibition, Brussels, Belgium, March 31 to April 3. Handout.

Rathmann, O., N.G. Mortensen, L. Landberg and A. Bowen (1996). Assessing the accuracy of WAsP in non-simple terrain. Wind Energy Conversion 1996. Proceedings of the 18th British Wind Energy Association Conference, Exeter, England, 25-27 September 1996, 413-418.

Troen, I. (1990). A high resolution spectral model for flow in complex terrain. Ninth Symposium on Turbulence and Diffusion, Roskilde, April 30 - May 3, 1990, 417-420.

Reports

Bowen, A.J. and N.G. Mortensen (2004). WAsP prediction errors due to site orography. Risø-R-995(EN). Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde. 65 pp.

Energi- og Miljødata (2002). Case studies calculating wind farm production. Energi- og Miljødata, main report 26 pp. + 20 case studies 320 pp. In total 346 pp.

Energi- og Miljødata and Risø National Laboratory (2001). Danish Wind Resource Map with data export to GIS-format. Energi- og Miljødata, English summary report 14 pp.

Jensen, N.O (1983). A Note on Wind Generator Interaction. Risø-M-2411. Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde. 16 pp.

Petersen, E.L., N.G. Mortensen, L. Landberg, J. Højstrup and H.P. Frank (1997). Wind Power Meteorology. Risø-I-1206(EN). Risø National Laboratory, Roskilde. 46 pp.

Ott, S. (2011). Uncertainty of Abild's method to determine U50. Research note, February 2011, Risø DTU, Roskilde, Denmark. UExtrWind-Unc-OttFeb2011.pdf.

CREYAP reports

Mortensen, N. G., & Ejsing Jørgensen, H. (2011). Comparison of resource and energy yield assessment procedures. In Proceedings. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA).

Mortensen, N. G., Ejsing Jørgensen, H., Anderson, M., & Hutton, K-A. (2012). Comparison of resource and energy yield assessment procedures. Proceedings of EWEA 2012 - European Wind Energy Conference & Exhibition. European Wind Energy Association.

Mortensen, N. G., & Ejsing Jørgensen, H. (2013). Comparative Resource and Energy Yield Assessment Procedures (CREYAP) Pt. II.EWEA Technology Workshop: Resource Assessment, Dublin, Ireland, 26/06/13.

Anderson, M., & Mortensen, N. G. (2013). Comparative Resource and Energy Yield Assessment Procedures (CREYAP) Pt. II. AWEA Wind Resource & Project Energy Assessment Seminar, Las Vegas, NV, United States, 10/12/13.

Mortensen, N. G., Ejsing Jørgensen, H. & Nielsen, M. (2014). How well can the industry predict the wind resources? Overview of the results from EWEA CREYAP exercises. Danish Wind Industry Annual Event 2014, Herning, Denmark, 26-27 March.

Offshore

Mortensen, N. G., Nielsen, M., & Ejsing Jørgensen, H. (2013). First Offshore Comparative Resource and Energy Yield Assessment Procedures (CREYAP). EWEA Offshore 2013, Frankfurt, Germany, 19/11/13.

Mortensen, N. G., & Nielsen, M. (2015). Offshore CREYAP Part 2 – preliminary results. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). EWEA Offshore 2015 Conference, Copenhagen, Denmark, 10/03/15.

Mortensen, N. G., & Nielsen, M. (2015). Offshore CREYAP Part 2 – final results. European Wind Energy Association (EWEA). EWEA Technology Workshop, Helsinki, Finland, 02/06/15.

Mortensen, N. G., Nielsen, M., & Ejsing Jørgensen, H. (2015). EWEA CREYAP benchmark exercises: summary for offshore wind farm cases. Wind Energy Denmark 2015, Herning, Denmark, 22-23 September.

Summary

Mortensen, N. G., Nielsen, M., & Ejsing Jørgensen, H. (2015). Comparison of Resource and Energy Yield Assessment Procedures 2011-2015: What have we learned and what needs to be done? EWEA 2015, Paris, France, 17-20 November. Presentation

WAsP documentation

WAsP 11 help file

WAsP 10 on-line help file (12,998 KB chm file)

WAsP 9 on-line help file (5,723 KB chm file)

WAsP 8 on-line help file

WAsP 7 help file

WAsP 6 help file

Getting Started with WAsP 9 (2,290 KB)

WAsP Engineering 3 help file (6,047 KB chm file))

WAsP Engineering 2 help file (1,615 KB chm file)

WAsP Utility Programs User's Guide (840 KB)

Useful forms

WAsP Data Collection Forms (PDF)

http://www.wasp.dk/support-and-services/literature
16 JANUARY 2018